Evaluating individual and territorial impacts of public support to collaborative R&D and Innovation
Among the various mechanisms to stimulate innovation in the territories, public intervention places increasing emphasis on supporting collaborative research. This interest in encouraging collaborative research is due, on the one hand, to the fact that the production of knowledge is less and less carried out by individuals or isolated organizations and, on the other hand, to the fact that collaborations can constitute an effective way to reduce market failures associated with the innovation process and to create ecosystems of innovation.
These failures result from the uncertainty of the innovation process and from the cumulative and partially public nature of knowledge. More specifically, these innovation policies are expected to produce direct effects on the beneficiaries of the different policy tools, in particular in terms of leverage effects on research and innovation and indirect benefits generated by the dissemination of knowledge within collaborative networks and territories, in terms of attractiveness, socio-economic performance and resilience.
This special session will gather scholars dealing with the evaluation of these effects. Contributions could be:
- Methodological: for instance relaxing conditional independence assumption due to indirect effect or addressing the issue of the multilevel policy devices or impact evaluation on very large firms.
- Analytical: dealing with cluster- or network-based policy evaluation, questioning their relevance and their consistency in a context of a multiplication of mechanisms (technological poles, scientific parks, collaborative technological platforms, clusters, etc.) which may reinforce the risks of crowding out and distortions.
Microeconometric as well as territorial impact analyses are welcome.